1) Exposure to Ultraviolet (UV) rays.
2) Moles – Individuals with higher number of moles are at higher risk.
3) Those with fair skin that freckles or burns easily are at increased risk.
4) Family history of melanoma
5) Weakened immune system
How to Prevent Skin Cancer?
Primary Prevention is Sun Protection:
1) Apply Sunscreen on all exposed skin.
- Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF of at least 30
- 2 tablespoons 30 minutes before venturing out.
- Reapply every two hours or immediately after swimming or excessive sweating.
- Make it a daily habit even on cloudy days.
2) Wear Protective Clothing.
Protect your body with sun-protective clothing, wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses.
3) Avoid Peak Sun (10 am – 4 pm)
Seek shade during the mid-day sun, when the sun’s rays are most intense.
4) Don’t burn
Just one bad sunburn in childhood or adolescence doubles your child’s chances of developing melanoma later in life.
5) Avoid Reflective environments:
Water, snow, and sand reflect and magnify the damaging rays of the sun, increasing your chance of sunburn.
6) Avoid artificial UV rays from Tanning Beds.
They Increase risk by over 75%
7) Protect Children:
Keep newborns out of the sun. Sunscreens should be used on babies over the age of six months
Secondary Prevention is strict surveillance.
8) Thoroughly examine skin head-to-toe every month.
9) Take note of the alarm signals
- a) any new moles or growths
- b) any existing growths that begin to grow, change, itch, bleed or don’t heal
10) Regularly consult a dermatologist.